A lateral X-Ray of the head of a 38-year-old man shows two Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) leads with four electrodes attached to each implanted in the subcortical area of the brain called the thalamus. A little bit of current may calm the tremors of Parkinson’s disease, ease depression and epilepsy, and awaken those with terrible injuries.
Fritz Goro—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
An anesthetized monkey has its brain activity monitored, 1971.
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The Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health in Las Vegas
Jeff Mermelstein / Gallery Stock
Engaging the brain with games like mah-jongg can delay the onset of dementia but lead to faster-progressing disease once it emerges.
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MRI scan of brain.
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President Obama looks at brain cells through a microscope with Dr. Marston Linehan as he tours the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Md., before making a major announcement regarding the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
Edgard Garrido / Reuters
An Alzheimer's researcher of the Research Center and Advanced Studies shows a piece of brain before cutting at Insituto Politecnico in Mexico City April 20, 2012.
Image courtesy of Amunts, Ziles, Evans, et. al
Researchers use a special tool called a microtome to cut sections from a brain preserved in paraffin wax into tiny slivers 20-micromters thick.
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Customers wait in line to buy cronuts, a croissant-doughnut hybrid, the brain child of French pastry chef Dominique Ansel, at Ansel's bakery shop in New York on June 14, 2013.
Pasieka / Science Photo Library / Corbis
A side view of the human brain, showing the two cerebral hemispheres
Owen Franken / Corbis
A scan of a brain.
Photograph for TIME by Robert Young
"Double trouble" "Your brain pays a price for the violent cycling—it's scarred by it," says Malhi (right), with Lagopoulos
Allen Institute for Brain Science
Computationally reconstructed 3D rendering of a mouse brain.
Temple Grandin authored the memoir <i>The Autistic Brain</i> with Richard Panek ( )
Jason Reed / Reuters
U.S. President Barack Obama walks off stage after announcing his administration's BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) initiative at the White House in Washington, April 2, 2013.
University of Illinois-Chicago computer scientist Jason Leigh, co-inventor of the CAVE2 virtual reality system, poses with a pair of specially designed 3D glasses in the CAVE2 where the system's 72 stereoscopic liquid crystal display panels encircles the viewer 320 degrees and creates a 3D environment that can take you to the bridge of the Starship Enterprise, a flyover the planet Mars, or through the blood vessels of the brain.
RON HOLTZ FOR TIME
Neuroscientist Ricaurte was the first to record the effects of MDMA on the brain; he says it damages certain cells
BROOKS KRAFT / CORBIS FOR TIME
BRAIN CHILDREN: Sophia Dominguez, 14, and her sister Leticia, 15, of Montgomery Village, Md., are among the hundreds of young volunteers who come to Dr. Giedd every two years to be scanned
Army scientists want to cram this array of brain-wave
reading sensors into a helmet.
ashleytreatment.spaces.live.com / EPA
Nine-year-old Ashley, who was born with a rare brain condition known as static encephalopathy, at home in the state of Washington. Her parents have approved growth-stunting medical treatment that will ensure she has a child's body for the rest of her life.
NICOLAS ASFOURI / AFP-GETTY IMAGES
DECISION PENDING: Debbie Wyatt goes to court to protect her brain-damaged baby Charlotte's life